Cultural education in the Montessori classroom includes the study of geography, history, and an appreciation and awareness of other cultures. Primary students begin their journey toward understanding the physical aspects of the earth: continents, land, air, and water, while working to identify countries, states, and capitals in depth. This knowledge includes the exploration of different cultures, their people, animals, clothing, food, physical geography, and holidays. Elementary students expand their knowledge of countries and continents by immersing themselves in independent research into their own personal and cultural background. They also investigate a specific country’s economic structure, government, population, and trades.